Nursing homes are health facilities that provide continuous nursing and supportive care to patients who need long-term nursing care on an extended basis, rehabilitation after surgery, disabled or those people who are recovering from a serious medical condition.
Also known as Skilled Nursing Facilities, Nursing Homes provide patients with inpatient care 24 hours a day, 7 days a week and as a minimum, includes physician, skilled nursing, dietary, pharmaceutical services and an activity program. Hospice, Dementia and Alzheimer's Care are all part of the specialty care provided by these type of facilities.
Nursing Home facilities offer personal care, assistance with activities of daily living (ADLs) plus all the services provided by assisted living facilities with around the clock nursing care. The staff and caregivers provide nursing care and supervision 24 hours a day to ensure the safety of all its residents.
A licensed nurse is required to be present in Nursing homes at all times to provide a more intensive care and treatment to patients who are in need of complex medical care, including seniors who have injuries, disabilities, serious illness or those recovering for surgery.
Generally, Nursing homes are more expensive than assisted living as it requires licensed professionals and more medical equipment to sustain patient's high level of medical care needs. Due to the high nursing home costs, senior patients typically utilize their Medicare or Medicaid benefits. However, for those patients who do not qualify for these government health programs, private insurance or private funds are used.
Nursing homes are licensed by the Department of Public Health, regulated by the state and the federal government and are certified by Medicare and Medicaid. These facilities must pass certification requirements by the an inspection performed by the state government agency. Medicare or Medicaid will only pay for care services provided by certified nursing home facilities.