"Helping Families find the BEST Assisted Living Facilities on the Planet!"™
Dementia is a loss of brain function. It is not a single disease. Instead, dementia refers to a group of illnesses that involve memory, behavior, learning, and communicating problems. The problems are progressive, which means they slowly get worse.
In This Article
Causes of Dementia
Symptoms of Dementia
Exams and Tests for Dementia
Treatment For Dementia
Long-term treatment for Dementia
Complications of Dementia
Prevention for Dementia
The two major causes of degenerative (non-reversible) dementia are Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia (loss of brain function due to a series of small strokes). The two conditions often occur together.
Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is a leading cause of degenerative dementia in elderly adults. This condition is linked to abnormal protein structures in certain areas of the brain. The structures and symptoms of DLB are associated with Alzheimer's disease, but it is uncertain whether DLB is a sub-type of Alzheimer's or separate disease. There is no cure for DLB or Alzheimer's.
Conditions that damage blood vessels or nerve structures of the brain can also lead to dementia.
Treatable causes of dementia include normal pressure hydrocephalus, brain tumors, and dementia due to metabolic causes, thyroid conditions, low vitamin B12 levels, and infections.
Dementia may be diagnosed when a patient has two or more problems in brain function. Problems may involve language, memory, perception, emotional behavior or personality, and cognitive skills (such as calculation, abstract thinking, or judgment). Dementia usually first appears as forgetfulness. Other symptoms may only be seen during a medical exam or with cognitive tests.
Dementia usually occurs in older age. Dementia is rare in people under age 60. The risk for dementia increases as a person gets older.
Additional symptoms that may be associated with this disease are as follows:
Exams and Tests For Dementia
The following tests and procedures may be done to determine the severity of dementia and its cause:
The goal of treatment is to control the symptoms of dementia. Treatment depends on the specific condition causing the dementia. Some people may need to stay in the hospital for a short time.
A person's eyes and ears should be checked regularly. Hearing aids, glasses, or cataract surgery may be needed.
Complications depend on the cause of the dementia, but they may include the following:
Most causes of dementia are not preventable. The risk of vascular dementia, which is caused by a series of small strokes, can be reduced by quitting smoking and controlling high blood pressure and diabetes. Eating a low-fat diet and exercising regularly may also reduce the risk of vascular dementia. Vascular dementia may also play a role in the progression of Alzheimer's disease.
This page, photos and content of Senior Care Homes.com are protected by
Find Assisted Living in Popular Cities in the U.S
|Atlanta||Denver||Irvine||New York||Sacramento||San Jose|
|Chicago||Detroit||Los Angeles||Philadelphia||San Diego||Seattle|
|Dallas||Houston||Mission Viejo||Phoenix||San Francisco||Washington|
Alzheimer's Care | Congregate Living | Hospital Services | Hospice Care | Independent Living
Intermediate Care | Nursing Homes | Respite Care
Copyright © 2013 Senior Care Homes.Com All Rights Reserved.
SeniorCareHomes.com is a free service to the community. We provide free care options to seniors and families.
SeniorCareHomes.Com is compensated by the senior housing facilities.
Use of this Web site constitutes acceptance of the Senior Care Homes.com User Agreement.